article is intended to establish and outline the additional
restrictions and guidelines certain uses must comply with. These
additional requirements are to allow the full utilization of a
property while ensuring that the use in question does not
interfere with or impose upon the adjoining properties.
7-2 Home Occupations
occupation is an accessory use by the occupant(s) of a dwelling
unit in which goods are produced or traded, or services are
rendered as an economic enterprise. Such use shall be clearly
incidental or subordinate to the residential use of a dwelling.
Home Occupations do not include garage or yard sales. Those Home
Occupations which have a steady and recurring flow of customers
who come to the residence at scheduled or anticipated times
shall be required to obtain a Special Use Permit. Those Home
Occupations who make their goods or services available to
members of the general public that stop or visit unannounced
shall also be required to obtain a Special Use Permit. All Home
Occupations not requiring a Special Use Permit should obtain
a.Certificate of Zoning Compliance. This will allow the City to
verify that the Home Occupation .is in compliance with the
City's ordinances, and will protect the operator from unjust
Occupations shall comply with the following guidelines:
of Use: Home Occupations shall be entirely contained
within the interior of the residence, garage, or an
accessory structure on the site. No visible evidence of the
business shall be apparent from the street or surrounding
area, except for the permitted signage.
Home Occupation shall not occupy such a percentage of the
total dwelling unit floor area that the interior character
of the residence is substantially changed. Those Home
Occupations which require occasional meetings occupying a
majority of the total floor area may be permitted, providing
such meetings do not disrupt the character of the
The Home Occupation shall be conducted by family members
residing on the premises with no assistance from other
individuals or groups.
and Parking: No parking in the public right-of-way shall
occur as a result of this Home Occupation except for
occasional meetings. If parking for a Home Occupation
frequently causes a disturbance to the normal traffic flow
of the neighborhood, the occupation shall be considered a
business best handled in a business district. Any Home
that is found to be disruptive to the traffic flow of the
neighborhood shall be required to discontinue the Home
Occupation, as it violates the intentions of the Zoning
to Exterior: The appearance of a dwelling as a residence
shall not be altered to the extent that attention is drawn
to the structure as a commercial or business operation.
Alterations to the building, parking area, or any other
exterior change should not cause the structure to change its
residential character nor should it detract from the
residential character of the neighborhood.
Control: A Home Occupation shall not create excessive
noise, dust or dirt, heat, smoke, odors, vibration, glare or
bright lighting, which would be over and above that created
by a residential dwelling. The production, dumping, or
storage of combustible or toxic substances shall not be
permitted on site. Additionally, a Home Occupation shall not
create interference or fluctuations of radio or television
A Home Occupation may attract patrons, students, or any
business related individuals only between the hours of 6a.m
and 9 p.m. The parking standards in Article 6 shall apply to
the Home Occupation. No Home Occupation shall receive
customers or visitors at times or in a manner that will
disrupt or alter the character of the neighborhood. The
number of customers or visitors shall not be of a magnitude
that it will have a profound effect on the neighboring
streets or properties.
7-3 Day Care Centers
care centers operating within the City shall be licensed by the
State of Illinois. Prior to beginning operation, documentation
shall be provided verifying the operation complies with all fire
and safety guidelines.
7-3.1 Day Family Care Home
care center operated out of a home shall be considered a Home
Occupation. Because of the consistent and recurring traffic that
is generated, a day care center operated out of a home is
required to obtain a Special Use Permit. For a permit to be
issued, the day care center will have to comply with the
The applicant shall possess a license from the State of
Illinois under the Child Care Act of 1969 to operate a Day
The applicant shall install the minimum number of smoke
detectors as specified within the Licensing Standard for
Home Child Care and will have cleared all orders issued by
the Office of the State Fire; Marshal.
All exterior playground equipment shall be kept in good
repair and free of hazards. All playground equipment shall
be located in the rear yard.
Noise levels shall not consistently reach a level where they
may be considered a public nuisance.
When deemed necessary for the health and safety of the
children, the City may require fencing or screening of the
outdoor play areas. Fences must extend from the ground to a
minimum of four feet.
Any sign installed for the day care center shall comply with
the sign regulations for Home Occupations.
7-4 Fences, Walls and Hedges
section, the word fence shall be synonymous with walls, hedges,
landscaping, and any other type of improvement.
walls, and hedges used for any purpose shall in all districts
conform to the following:
For the purpose of minimizing traffic hazards at street
intersections, the triangular portion of comer lots that is
bounded by the street lines and a line joining the two
street lines at points on the street lines which are thirty
feet from the point of intersection, shall be considered a
restricted area. No fence, wall, vegetative planting or
other type of obstruction shall intrude into the air space
of the restricted area between two and ten feet above the
level of the adjacent street.
No fence, retaining wall, landscaping, or other type of
improvement shall be constructed or placed within any public
street or alley right-of-way unless approved by the City
Council. In the event it becomes necessary for the City to
remove such improvement for maintenance or other purpose,
the removal and/or replacement of such improvements shall be
the responsibility of the property owner. Any costs incurred
by the City in removing any improvement in a public
right-of-way shall be assessed to and paid by the owner' of
Improvements shall be so constructed that drainage is not
Fences shall be maintained to be free of overgrowth from
weeds and other vegetation. All fences shall be maintained
to protect the structural integrity of the fence, and shall
be removed by order of the Administrator if the fence is not
properly maintained. Any fences or hedges installed as
screening which is required by this ordinance shall be
maintained to provide adequate and continuous screening.
Fences in Residential Districts:
addition to complying with the above requirements, any fence
which is constructed in a residential district shall adhere to
the following restrictions:
No barbed wire or other sharp-pointed fence and no
electrically charged fence shall be erected or maintained;
Fences; walls and hedges shall not exceed a maximum height
of six feet and may be located up to lot lines provided that
the height of fences, walls and hedges does not exceed four
feet when they extend beyond the front building line of a
Fences must be constructed of exterior fencing materials as
approved by the Administrator. Only materials which are
compatible with the character of the neighborhood will be
Fences in Non-residential Districts: All fences constructed in a
non-residential district must comply with the restrictions
stated for all fences and with the guidelines listed below:
Fences, walls, and hedges in the BD, B-1, B-2, and B-3
districts shall not exceed a maximum height of eight feet and
may be located up to lot lines provided that the height of
fences, walls and hedges does not exceed four feet when they
extend beyond the front building line of a structure. Fences
in the I district shall not exceed a maximum height of twelve
feet and may be located up to the lot lines. The height
restriction of any fence which extends beyond the front
building line does not apply to fences constructed in the I
Barbed wire or other sharp-pointed fence and electrically
charged fences are only permitted in the district. Fences
located in the I district may install a barbed wire on fences
exceeding eight feet in height, provided the owner has
supplied documentation justifying the need to the
Administrator. Barbed wire will only be permitted if the
Administrator determines that there is a justified need for
it. Otherwise, it is strictly prohibited.
Fences must be constructed of exterior fencing materials as
approved by the Administrator. Only materials which are
compatible with the character of the area will be allowed.
7-5 Lighting Controls Within Any District
light used for the illumination of signs, parking areas,
swimming pools, or for any other general purpose, shall be
arranged in such a manner as to direct the light away from
neighboring properties, and away from the vision of passing
motorist. The lighting of any premises shall not affect or
disturb the adjacent properties.
7-6 Swimming Pools
used for swimming or bathing shall be in conformity with the
requirements given below. However, the following regulations
shall not be applicable to any pool less than twenty-four inches
deep or having a surface area less than two hundred fifty square
feet except when such pools are permanently equipped with a
water recirculating system.
wall of a private swimming pool shall not be located less
than six feet from any rear or side property line or ten
feet from a side lot line abutting a street or ten feet from
any principal structure. A swimming pool shall be located in
any front yard.
Electrical wiring - An eighteen foot electrical wire
clearance must be maintained from the nearest point of the
pool to the power line. All wiring around pools must conform
and be maintained to meet all present City electrical codes.
fence with a minimum height of four feet shall be installed
in a manner which ensures only the owner of the pool has
access to it.
7-7 Greenhouses and Plant Nurseries
district where tree and plant nurseries and greenhouses are
permitted, the establishment of such uses shall be subject to
the following requirements:
No exterior storage of any fertilizer, compost, manure or
other odor or dust producing substance shall be permitted
within fifty feet of any other property line;
Greenhouse heating plants shall be in an enclosed building
and shall not be less than fifty feet from any property
Along any side or rear lot line, there shall be provided and
maintained a planting or other appropriate screen of such
size and density as to provide visual screening from
adjacent residential properties.
7-8 Hospitals and Sanitariums
and sanitariums shall be considered a special use in any
district where they are considered a compatible use. A Special
Use Permit would be required for each hospital and sanitarium.
7-9 Nursing Home/Convalescence Home
district where nursing homes/convalescence homes are considered
a compatible use, these uses shall be required to obtain a
Special Use Permit.
7-10 Used Car Lots
residence shall be allowed to park or display cars that are for
sale which are visible from the public right of way. The only
exception shall be if the car, which is for sale, is parked in
the off-street parking required by this ordinance. No business
shall allow cars that are for sale to be displayed on their lot
unless that is the principal function of the property.
Businesses allowing employees, customers, or the general public
to display cars for sale on a recurring basis shall be subject
to fines and other penalties.
kennel, which is operated within the City, shall be situated on
a lot with a minimum area of three acres. The kennel shall be
located at least two hundred feet from the nearest dwelling an
at least one hundred feet from any lot line. All kennels within
the city shall be established and operated in accordance with
City Code Section 91.65 - 91.99.
7-12 Recreation Vehicles
following restrictions apply to all recreational vehicles,
regardless of what district it is located in:
No recreational vehicle shall be used as a permanent
No recreational vehicle shall be used as an office or for
any other commercial purpose.
All travel trailers shall conform to and not exceed
regulations for height and weight restrictions when in use
within City boundaries. No vehicle shall be parked or stored
in a manner which inhibits or impedes travel on City
Storage or parking of travel trailers and recreational
vehicles must not violate any existing City fire codes.
All recreational vehicle parks developed for the parking of
R V's which are in use shall be developed according to the
applicable requirements of the Mobile Home Park Ordinance as
determined by the Administrator.
Storage of Recreational Vehicles and Utility Trailers in
recreational vehicle or utility trailer stored in a residential
district shall comply with the following guidelines:
Not more than one recreational vehicle or utility trailer
shall be parked on any lot.
The parking of a recreational vehicle or utility trailer is
allowed in the rear yard only.
The parking of a recreational vehicle or utility trailer
shall comply with the yard requirements for accessory
buildings of the district in which it is located.
The parking of a recreational vehicle or utility trailer
shall not impede the light or air of a neighboring
7-13 Sanitary Landfills
person who intends to establish or conduct a Sanitary Landfill
within the zoning jurisdiction of this municipality shall obtain
a pem1it from the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
indicating that the Sanitary Landfill fully complies with the
"Solid Waste Rules and Regulations" promulgated by the
IEP A pursuant to the authority granted by State law.
school established with the intention of educating kindergarten,
elementary, junior-high, or senior-high school-aged children
shall be considered a special use for any district in which it
is determined to be a compatible use. Such schools will be
required to obtain a Special Use Pem1it and must conform to the
Regional Superintendent of Schools regulations.
school or temporary classroom established with the intention of
offering educational classes for adults, specific trade-type
classes, or similar type classes are pem1itted in the business
districts provided they are approved by the Administrator. Any
such educational facility must be compatible with the intended
use of the district in which it is located, and must comply with
the regulations of that district.
7-15 Auto Repair/Service Stations. Auto Body Shops
section is to clarify the distinction between automobile repair
and service station and automobile body shops.
Auto Repair/Service Stations
that sell and install the parts needed to make minor repairs to
automobiles, as defined below, will be considered an auto
repair/service station. Such establishments are permitted in the
B-2, B-3, and I Districts. Generally these stations contain the
equipment to make the needed repairs in an enclosed facility.
Repairs and services permitted by these establishments are
limited to general maintenance and repairs such as:
Servicing of spark plugs, batteries, and distributor parts
Tire servicing and repairs
Replacement and repairs of exhaust systems, hoses, belts,
brakes, electric systems, wipers and wiper fluid, grease
retainers, bearings and the like D) Radiator cleaning and
Repair or replacement of the fuel pump, oil pump and lines
Minor motor adjustment not involving the removal of the head
or crankcase, or racing the motor.
repairs or maintenance that is similar to those listed above, or
is considered to be part of the regular and routine maintenance
of a car are permitted.
that are prohibited by auto repair service stations are: trailer
renting and leasing, auto body repair, undercoating, painting,
dismantling of autos, engine rebuilding and other such
Auto Body Shops
which engage in auto body repair, rebuilding of engines, and
other items considered major repairs, as defined below, are only
permitted in the B-3 and I districts. Any repairs made in such
establishment shall be done in an enclosed building whose doors
shall be kept shut during all work hours. Such building shall be
located at least forty feet from the nearest property line with
the doors not to face any residentially zoned lot. Repairs
permitted by these establishments include the following:
Body, fender, clutch, transmission, differential, axle, spring
and frame repairs
Sanding and spray painting
Major overhauling of engines requiring the removal of the
cylinder head or crankcase pan.
repair/service stations and auto body shops shall comply with
these parking requirements:
There shall be no parking of damaged motor vehicles where
they are visible from the public right-of-way except on a
temporary basis not to exceed seven days. All new parts,
scrap parts, and junk vehicles shall not be kept on the
exterior of the establishment unless in a heavily screened
area. No establishment shall have more than three junk
vehicles on its premises.
Off-street parking shall be provided on the site at a ratio
of one parking space for each three thousand square feet of
floor area plus employee parking.
establishment that sells gasoline, kerosene, diesel or any other
petroleum product, excluding commercial establishments selling
bottled or canned items, shall comply with the following
guidelines. Gas stations mayor may not coincide with service
All gasoline pumps and other service facilities shall be
located at least twenty-five feet from any street
right-of-way line, side lot line, or rear lot line.
All trash receptacles, except minor receptacles adjacent to
the gasoline pumps, shall be screened from view.
Whenever an establishment has discontinued the sale of
gasoline and/or other petroleum products for twelve
consecutive months, the City shall order that all
underground storage tanks be removed per State statute.
7-17 Drive In Theatres
drive-in theaters shall be considered a special use for any
district in which it is considered a compatible use. A Special
Use Permit is required for any drive-in theater.
7-18 Trucks, Trailers, Equipment and Materials
trucks with a net legal carrying capacity exceeding one and
one-half tons, truck trailers, tractors weighing more than
one-thousand pounds, farming equipment or machinery, and
construction equipment, machinery or materials shall be parked
or stored upon any lot or tract of land in a residential
district unless within an enclosed lawful structure. An
exception is granted to such vehicles equipment, machinery and
materials that are in temporary usage to actively accomplish
permitted work and other similar activities. In such case they
shall, upon completion of said activity, be removed from the lot
or tract of land, or placed in an enclosed structure thereon.
7-19 Modular Homes, Manufactured Homes
homes are permitted within the municipality but are regulated by
the following guidelines:
Modular homes are an allowable use in the R-l, R-2 and MR-3
districts. Any modular home that is placed on a lot in
either of these districts must meet all the regulations
given for the district.
Only State-approved modular homes will be permitted in these
districts. To meet the State requirements, the unit must
comply with the CABO One and Two Family Dwelling Code, the
Illinois State Plumbing Code, the National Electric Code,
and the ASHRAE Energy Standard. If the unit does comply with
these codes, the manufacturer on either the electrical box
or underneath the kitchen sink places a yellow State of
Any modular home that is manufactured at a factory without
the installation of the utilities such as plumbing,
electrical and heating systems are subject to the same local
regulations as a site-built house.
of companies who construct modular homes that meet the
requirements stated in item (B) is available from the
Administrator. This list is prepared and distributed by the
Illinois Department of Public Health.
homes are only permitted in the MH district. Any pre-constructed
dwelling unit that contains the red HUD approved label shall be
considered a Manufactured home. The placement of any such home
within this city shall comply with the regulations and
guidelines established for the MH district.
Differences in construction between Modular
Homes and Manufactured Homes:
A permanent perimeter foundation extending
below the frost line
Home generally supported by concrete
blocks located underneath I-beams. Required to be tied
down to prevent possible personal or property damage
Minimum 6 feet by 8 inches by 3 feet
A minimum 6 feet 2 inches by 2 feet 8 inch
Minimum width of 36 inches
Minimum width of 28 inches
Drainage system vented to the outside atmosphere
2. A back flow protection device for all hose faucets
Allows "quick vents" which
obtain their air from within the house
Units designed for a minimum load of 30
pounds per square foot
Units designed for a 20 pounds per square
TYPE OF LABEL
Yellow, State of Illinois sticker
Red, HUD approved sticker
7-20 Utility Facilities
electrical substation, gas regulator station, telephone exchange
facility, sewage lift station, water storage facility, or
similar facility shall be deemed a special use. However, any
such facility which is owned and operated by the City of Wood
River shall be exempted from the required Special Use Permit if
it has been approved by the City Council. Any facility requiring
a Special Use Permit shall conform to the following guidelines:
Every lot on which such facility is situated shall meet the
minimum area and dimensions requirements of the district in
which it is located. Every part of any such facility shall
be located at 25 feet from all lot lines, or shall meet the